This article is about the chemical compound. As of 2010, China alone has more than 40 manufacturers of taurine. In the laboratory taurine can be produced by alkylation of ammonia with antioxidant review article pdf salts.
Hypotaurine is then oxidized to taurine as described above. Taurine occurs naturally in fish and meat. Taurine is essential for cardiovascular function, and development and function of skeletal muscle, the retina, and the central nervous system. Additionally, supplementation with taurine has been shown to prevent oxidative stress induced by exercise. Hence, taurine supplementation is possibly beneficial for the prevention of these diseases.
Dietary taurine has a blood cholesterol-lowering effect in young overweight adults. Furthermore, body weight also decreased significantly with taurine supplementation. These findings are consistent with animal studies. In cells, taurine keeps potassium and magnesium inside the cell, while keeping excessive sodium out. In this sense, it works like a diuretic.
Evidence indicates taurine may be beneficial for blood pressure in male rats. A single intravenous taurine supplementation resulted in measurable decreases in blood pressure. However, when rats were supplemented with taurine in their drinking water, only female rats showed an increase in blood pressure. Taurine is necessary for normal skeletal muscle functioning.